Pelvic Pain: Signs, Possible Illnesses and Natural Remedies

Pelvic pain refers to any discomfort or pain felt in the lower abdomen, pelvic region, or the area between the hips. It is a common medical condition that can affect both men and women of all ages. Pelvic pain can vary in severity, duration, and location, and it may be acute (sudden and short-lived) or chronic (persistent and long-lasting).

The pelvis is a bony structure that forms the lower part of the abdomen and houses various organs including the reproductive organs, bladder, rectum, and parts of the digestive system. As a result, there are numerous potential causes of pelvic pain, ranging from gynecological issues to digestive disorders, urinary tract problems, musculoskeletal conditions, and even psychological factors.

In women, pelvic pain is often associated with gynecological conditions such as menstrual cramps, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or complications during pregnancy. In men, pelvic pain can be related to conditions like prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate), epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis), or testicular torsion.

Other common causes of pelvic pain can include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder disorders, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), muscle or ligament strains, hernias, or nerve conditions like sciatica.

The diagnosis of pelvic pain can be complex, as it often requires a detailed medical history, physical examination, and possibly additional tests such as imaging scans, blood tests, or specialized procedures. Treatment options for pelvic pain depend on the underlying cause and may include medication, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, or surgical interventions.


Pelvic pain can have various causes, and it’s important to note that a thorough medical evaluation is necessary to determine the specific underlying condition. Here are some common causes of pelvic pain:

  1. Gynecological conditions: In women, pelvic pain can be attributed to gynecological issues such as:
  • Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Adenomyosis (thickening of the uterine lining)
  1. Urinary tract problems:
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Interstitial cystitis (chronic inflammation of the bladder)
  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder infections
  1. Digestive system disorders:
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Diverticulitis (inflammation of small pouches in the colon)
  1. Musculoskeletal causes:
  • Pelvic floor muscle dysfunction
  • Strains or sprains in the pelvic area
  • Pelvic joint instability or dysfunction
  • Pelvic fractures
  1. Reproductive system issues in men:
  • Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate)
  • Epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis)
  • Testicular torsion (twisting of the testicle)
  1. Nerve-related conditions:
  • Pelvic neuralgia (irritation or damage to nerves in the pelvis)
  • Sciatica (compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve)
  1. Other potential causes:
  • Hernias in the groin or pelvic area
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome (varicose veins in the pelvis)
  • Psychogenic pain (pain with a psychological origin)


The symptoms of pelvic pain can vary depending on the underlying cause. Here are some common symptoms associated with pelvic pain:

  1. Pain: Pelvic pain itself is the primary symptom. The pain can range from dull and aching to sharp and intense. The location of the pain may be centralized in the lower abdomen or pelvic area, or it may be more diffuse.
  2. Menstrual changes: Women with pelvic pain may experience changes in their menstrual cycle, such as irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or severe menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea).
  3. Painful intercourse: Pain during or after sexual intercourse (dyspareunia) is a common symptom associated with pelvic pain, particularly in women.
  4. Urinary symptoms: Pelvic pain may be accompanied by urinary symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency (a strong and sudden need to urinate), pain or discomfort during urination, or blood in the urine.
  5. Bowel symptoms: Some individuals with pelvic pain may experience changes in bowel habits, including diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or the feeling of incomplete bowel movements.
  6. Gynecological symptoms: In women, pelvic pain may be accompanied by other gynecological symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, pain or discomfort in the pelvic area during ovulation, or pain during bowel movements or urination related to the menstrual cycle.
  7. Nausea and vomiting: In certain cases, pelvic pain may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
  8. Fatigue and sleep disturbances: Chronic pelvic pain can often lead to fatigue and sleep disturbances due to the persistent discomfort.
  9. Psychological symptoms: Prolonged pelvic pain can have an impact on mental health, leading to symptoms such as anxiety, depression, or increased stress levels.

Possible Illnesses

Pelvic pain can be caused by various illnesses and medical conditions. Here are some possible illnesses that can result in pelvic pain:

  1. Gynecological conditions:
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Adenomyosis
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Ovarian or uterine cancer
  1. Urinary tract disorders:
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder infections
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Bladder or kidney cancer
  1. Digestive system disorders:
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Diverticulitis
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Colorectal cancer
  1. Musculoskeletal issues:
  • Pelvic floor muscle dysfunction
  • Pelvic joint instability
  • Pelvic fractures
  • Muscle strains or sprains in the pelvic area
  • Hernias
  1. Reproductive system issues in men:
  • Prostatitis
  • Epididymitis
  • Testicular torsion
  1. Nerve-related conditions:
  • Pelvic neuralgia
  • Sciatica
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  1. Other potential causes:
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome
  • Psychogenic pain (pain with a psychological origin)
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Pelvic tumors or cancer

These are just a few examples of the illnesses and conditions that can cause pelvic pain.

Natural Remedies

While natural remedies may provide some relief for pelvic pain, it’s important to note that the effectiveness of these remedies can vary depending on the underlying cause of the pain. It’s always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and to discuss any natural remedies you plan to try. Here are some natural remedies that may help alleviate pelvic pain:

  1. Heat therapy: Applying a heating pad or hot water bottle to the affected area can help relax the muscles and relieve pain. Alternatively, taking warm baths or using warm compresses may also provide relief.
  2. Gentle exercise and stretching: Engaging in gentle exercises and stretches, such as walking, yoga, or pelvic floor exercises, may help improve blood flow, relax the muscles, and reduce pelvic pain.
  3. Relaxation techniques: Practices like deep breathing, meditation, and guided imagery can help relax the body and alleviate pain by reducing stress and tension.
  4. Herbal remedies: Some herbs, such as chamomile, ginger, and turmeric, have anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce pelvic pain. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedies, as they may interact with medications or have contraindications.
  5. Dietary changes: In some cases, dietary modifications can help manage pelvic pain. For example, reducing consumption of caffeine, spicy foods, and processed foods, and increasing intake of fiber-rich foods may help alleviate symptoms associated with certain digestive conditions.
  6. Pelvic floor physical therapy: Seeking the assistance of a pelvic floor physical therapist can be beneficial for individuals with pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. They can provide specialized exercises and techniques to help strengthen and relax the pelvic floor muscles, reducing pain and improving overall pelvic function.
  7. Stress management: Since stress can exacerbate pelvic pain, practicing stress management techniques like mindfulness, relaxation exercises, and engaging in activities that promote emotional well-being can be helpful.
  1. Acupuncture: Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine practice, involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to stimulate energy flow and promote pain relief. It has been used to manage various types of pain, including pelvic pain.
  2. Pelvic floor exercises: Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles through exercises like Kegels can help improve pelvic stability and alleviate pain. Pelvic floor physical therapy can provide guidance on proper exercise techniques.
  3. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): TENS therapy involves applying low-voltage electrical currents to the skin using electrodes. It may help reduce pelvic pain by stimulating nerves and promoting pain relief.
  4. Mind-body techniques: Practices such as yoga, meditation, guided imagery, and deep breathing exercises can help promote relaxation, reduce stress, and potentially alleviate pelvic pain.

Treatment Options

The treatment options for pelvic pain depend on the underlying cause of the pain. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and to discuss the most suitable treatment plan for your specific condition. Here are some common treatment options for pelvic pain:

  1. Medications:
  • Pain relievers: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen or prescription-strength pain medications may help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Hormonal therapies: For conditions such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids, hormonal treatments like birth control pills, hormonal patches, or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists may be prescribed to regulate hormone levels and relieve symptoms.
  • Antibiotics: If pelvic pain is caused by an infection such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or urinary tract infection (UTI), antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the underlying infection.
  • Antidepressants or anticonvulsants: Certain medications in these classes can be prescribed to manage chronic pain conditions by modulating pain signals and improving overall pain management.
  1. Physical therapy:
  • Pelvic floor physical therapy: This specialized form of physical therapy focuses on strengthening and relaxing the muscles of the pelvic floor. It may involve exercises, manual therapy, biofeedback, or electrical stimulation to improve pelvic muscle function and reduce pain.
  • Stretching and relaxation exercises: Physical therapy techniques that target tight or tense muscles in the pelvic area can help relieve pain and improve flexibility and range of motion.
  1. Minimally invasive procedures:
  • Laparoscopy: In cases where endometriosis, ovarian cysts, or other gynecological conditions are causing pelvic pain, a laparoscopic procedure may be performed to diagnose and treat the underlying issue. During this procedure, a thin tube with a camera is inserted through a small incision to visualize and potentially remove or treat the source of pain.
  • Nerve blocks: In some cases, injecting local anesthetics or steroids into specific nerves in the pelvic region can provide temporary pain relief.
  1. Counseling or psychological support:
  • If pelvic pain is associated with emotional distress, anxiety, or depression, counseling or therapy may be recommended to address the psychological component of pain and help develop coping mechanisms.
  1. Lifestyle modifications:
  • Making certain lifestyle changes may help manage pelvic pain, such as practicing stress management techniques, engaging in regular exercise, improving sleep habits, and adopting a healthy diet.
  1. Nerve blocks or injections: In cases where pelvic pain is primarily caused by nerve-related issues, such as nerve entrapment or neuropathic pain, nerve blocks or injections of local anesthetics or steroids can be administered to provide targeted pain relief.
  2. Complementary and alternative therapies:
  • Chiropractic care: Manipulation techniques performed by chiropractors may help alleviate pelvic pain associated with musculoskeletal issues or joint dysfunction.
  • Massage therapy: Massage techniques, such as myofascial release or trigger point therapy, can help relieve muscle tension and reduce pelvic pain.
  • Herbal remedies: Some herbal remedies, such as chamomile, valerian root, or black cohosh, may be used to manage pelvic pain. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedies to ensure safety and effectiveness.

*Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice. Please consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation of your symptoms and appropriate treatment.

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